Sandy's c.v.



1996-               Pennsylvania State University. Altoona, PA
present           Distinguished Professor of English and American Studies (2014-present)
Professor of English and American Studies (2007-2014)
Graduate Faculty (2005-present)
Associate Professor of English (2002-2007)
Assistant Professor of English (1996-2002)
Program Coordinator, Letters Arts & Sciences (1998-present)

2010                Friedrich Schiller University. Jena, Germany
                        Senior Fulbright Lecturer

1991-1996       Georgia State University. Atlanta, GA
                        Teaching and Research Assistant

1978-1991       Monorail pilot for Walt Disney World, Co.; newspaper reporter and advertising sales representative for The Coastal Courier; executive search consultant for Simpson, Nance, and Graham, Inc.; diagnostic equipment inspector for the U.S. Civil Service in Nuernberg, Germany


1996                Ph.D., English. Georgia State University. Atlanta, GA
Dissertation: “Journal 8: 1854. A Scholarly Edition of Thoreau’s Manuscript Journal Vol. XVII” (directed by Robert Sattelmeyer)
1990                M.A., English. Georgia State University. Atlanta, GA
Thesis: “‘In Landlessness Alone Resides the Highest Truth’: An Analysis of Bulkington in Melville’s Moby-Dick” (directed by Robert Sattelmeyer)
1983                B.A., English. Armstrong State College. Savannah, GA


National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH)
Director, Summer Institute on “Transcendentalism and Reform in the Age of Emerson, Thoreau, and Fuller” (Concord, MA), 2015, 2017
Scholarly Editions Grant ($290,000), 2013-2016
Scholarly Editions Grant ($230,000) and We the People designee, 2010-2013
Summer Institute and Landmarks Project Faculty, “Transcendentalism and Social Activism in the Age of Emerson, Thoreau, and Fuller,” 2008-2013
Individual Fellowship, 2004
Summer Stipend, 1999
Fulbright Scholar, Friedrich Schiller University. Jena, Germany. Senior Lecturer, 2010
Ralph Waldo Emerson Memorial Association, Houghton Library, Harvard University. Short-Term Fellowship, 2008

Pennsylvania State University. George W. Atherton Award for Excellence in Teaching, 2008
Pennsylvania State University, Institute for the Arts and Humanities. Individual Faculty Grants, 2009, 2003, 1999, 1998
Pennsylvania State University, Altoona College
Excellence in Advising Award, selected by Student Government Association, 2016
Outstanding Achievement in Research and Creative Activity Award, 2011
Kjell Meling Award for Distinguished Service in the Arts and Humanities, 2008
Grace D. Long Faculty Excellence Award, 2000
Pennsylvania State University, College of Liberal Arts. Research and Graduate Studies Office Individual Faculty Grant, 1999
Georgia State University. Dissertation Research Grant, 1995; Research and Teaching Fellowships, 1991-1996


The Almanacks of Mary Moody Emerson: A Scholarly Digital Edition. Ed. with Noelle A. Baker, in collaboration with University Women Writers Project. Funded by the NEH, and designated a We the People project. In progress, with thirteen folders published to date in Women Writers Online, a subscription textbase available at!/view/emerson.almanack.xml. (Six folders are also available in a prototype interface at
“A Revolution is begun!”: A Cultural Biography of Thomas Wentworth Higginson. Research in progress.
Intercontinental Crosscurrents: Women’s Networks across Europe and the Americas (with “Introduction”). Ed. with Julia Nitz and Theresa Schön. Heidelberg, Germany: Universitaetsverlag Winter Heidelberg, 2016.
Thoreau in His Own Time: A Biographical Chronicle of His Life, Drawn from Recollections, Interviews, & Memoirs by Family, Friends, and Associates (with “Introduction”). Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 2012.
The Oxford Handbook of Transcendentalism (with “Introduction”). Ed. with Joel Myerson and Laura Dassow Walls. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.
More Day to Dawn: Thoreau’s Walden for the Twenty-First Century (with “Afterword”). Ed. with Laura Dassow Walls. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2007.
To Set This World Right: The Antislavery Movement in Thoreau’s Concord. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2006.
Journal 8: 1854 (with “Historical Introduction”). Ed. In The Writings of Henry D. Thoreau. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2002.

Journal Articles and Book Chapters
“Slavery and Abolition.” Thoreau in Context. Ed. James Finley. New York: Cambridge UP, forthcoming 2017.
“‘Beyond All Men of His Day’: Thomas Wentworth Higginson and Thoreau’s Legacy in Postbellum America.” Thoreau at 200: Essays and Reassessments. Ed. K. P. Van Anglen and Kristen Case. New York: Cambridge UP, 2016. 88-101.
“The Almanacks of Mary Moody Emerson: A Scholarly Digital Edition.” With Noelle Baker. Documentary Editing 31 (2010): 10-24.
“The ‘Higher Law’: Then and Now.” Thoreau Society Bulletin 262 (Spring 2008): 5-7.
“Fugitive Slave-Running on the Moby-Dick: Captain Austin Bearse and the Abolitionist Crusade.” Resources for American Literary Study 28 (2003): 53-81.
“‘Swelling that Great Tide of Humanity’: The Concord, Massachusetts, Female Anti-Slavery Society.” New England Quarterly 74 (September 2001): 385-418.
“Profile: Jessie Benton Frémont.” Legacy: A Journal of American Women Writers 18.2 (2001): 232-38.
“Editorial Savoir-Faire: Thoreau Transforms His Journal into ‘Slavery in Massachusetts.’” Resources for American Literary Study 25.2 (1999): 206-31.
“Selective Sympathy: The Public and Private Mary Merrick Brooks.” Thoreau Society Bulletin 226 (Winter 1999): 1-3, 5.
“Re-Reading ‘Bachelors’ and ‘Maids’: Melville as Feminist?” Melville Society Extracts 110 (September 1997): 1, 5-10.
“By the Light of Her Mother’s Lamp: Woman’s Work versus Man’s Philosophy in Louisa May Alcott’s ‘Transcendental Wild Oats.’” Studies in the American Renaissance 1995. Ed. Joel Myerson. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1995. 69-81.

“The Youngest Person in Concord: Mary Moody Emerson Was a Thinker, a Writer, and an Inspiration to All Who Knew Her.” With Noelle A. Baker. NEH Humanities (Winter 2017): 12-15, 42-43.
"Mary Moody Emerson as Reader and Reviewer." With Noelle A. Baker and Sarah Connell. Women Writers in Context, an exhibit in Women Writers Online. December 2016.
“A Canvas to His Imagination: Henry Thoreau and N. C. Wyeth’s Twentieth Century.” “From Thoreau’s Seasons to Men of Concord: N. C. Wyeth Inspired.” Exhibition Catalog, Concord Free Public Library. Concord, MA: Concord Free Public Library, 2016. 33-40.
Spiel: Towards a Historiographic Narratology 30.1 (2011). Ed. with Julia Nitz.
Walden Sesquicentennial Issue. Ed. with Laura Dassow Walls. Nineteenth-Century Prose 31.2 (Fall 2004).
“The Thoreau Society’s John Brown Weekend.” With Jayne Gordon. Thoreau Society Bulletin 247 (Spring 2004): 7-8.

Reference Works
“Thomas Wentworth Higginson.” In Oxford Bibliographies in American Literature. Ed. Jackson Bryer. New York: Oxford University Press. November 2016.
“Antislavery Reform.” In The Oxford Handbook to Transcendentalism. Ed. Joel Myerson, Petrulionis, and Laura Dassow Walls. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010. 210-21.
“The Liberator.” In American History through Literature, 1820-1870. Ed. Janet Gabler-Hover and Robert Sattelmeyer. Detroit: Scribner’s, 2006. 651-55.
“William Henry Channing.” In The American Renaissance in New EnglandDictionary of Literary Biography. Vol. 243. Ed. Wesley T. Mott. Detroit: Bruccoli Clark Layman, 2001. 69-77.
“Alcott, Abigail May ‘Abba,’” “Apple Slump,” “Germantown, Penn.,” “Higginson, Thomas Wentworth,” “Lane, Charles,” “‘Transcendental Wild Oats’ (1874).” In The Louisa May Alcott Encyclopedia. Ed. Gregory Eiselein and Anne K. Phillips. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2001. 10-11, 22, 119-20, 134-35, 169, 329-30.
“Bathsheba Bowers.” In American Women Prose Writers to 1820Dictionary of Literary Biography. Vol. 200. Ed. Carla Mulford, Amy Winans, and Angela Vietto. Columbia, SC: Bruccoli Clark Layman, 1998. 62-66.
“Elizabeth Drew Stoddard.” In Nineteenth Century American Women Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook. Ed. Denise D. Knight. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1997. 397-405.

Book Reviews

Romantic Reformers and the Antislavery Struggle in the Civil War Era. Ethan J. Kytle. Journal of the Civil War Era 5 (December 2015): 588-91.
Political Antislavery Discourse and American Literature of the 1850s. David Grant. Journal of American History 100 (September 2013): 521-22.
A Political Companion to Henry David Thoreau. Ed. Jack Turner. Thoreau Society Bulletin 270 (Spring 2010): 9-10.
Waking Giant: America in the Age of Jackson. David S. Reynolds. Thoreau Society Bulletin 265 (Winter 2009): 14-15.
From Abolition to Rights for All: The Making of a Reform Community. John T. Cumbler. New England Quarterly 81 (December 2008): 740-41.
Slavery on Trial: Law, Abolitionism, and Print Culture. Jeannine Marie DeLombard. Journal of American History 94 (December 2007): 928.
John Brown Abolitionist: The Man Who Killed Slavery, Sparked the Civil War, and Seeded Civil Rights. David S. Reynolds. Thoreau Society Bulletin 252 (Summer 2005): 10-11.
The Remarkable Mrs. Ripley: The Life of Sarah Alden Bradford Ripley. Joan Goodwin. Thoreau Society Bulletin 228 (Summer 1999): 6-7.
Periodical Literature in Nineteenth-Century America. Ed. Kenneth M. Price and Susan Belasco Smith. Publishing Research Quarterly 14, no. 3 (Fall 1998): 93-95.


"From 'the fartherest western way' to 'the university of the West' and Back: Thoreau's Dialectic of Reform." Invited speaker at “West of Walden: Henry David Thoreau and the Ends of Nature,” a conference celebrating the bicentennial of Henry Thoreau. Huntington Library. San Marino, CA. April 2017.

“Making Visible the Invisible: Restoring Black Lives and History in Concord.” Panel participant, The Meeting House at the Old Manse lecture series. Concord, MA. September 2016.

“‘A Lady of Much Wit and Genius’: Mary Moody Emerson in Concord.” “People of Concord” summer lecture series. Concord Museum. Concord, MA. July 2016.

“Henry Thoreau and N. C. Wyeth.” Panel discussion as part of exhibition, “From Thoreau’s Seasons to Men of Concord: N. C. Wyeth Revisited. Concord Free Public Library. Concord, MA. June 2016.

“‘Beyond all men of his day’: T. W. Higginson and the Postbellum Legacy of Henry D. Thoreau.” MLA annual convention. Austin, TX. January 2016.

“Mary Moody Emerson’s Almanacks: How Digital Horizons Advance Teaching and Research.” American Literature Association annual conference. Boston, MA. May 2015.

“Idealism and Social Reform: Concord’s Antislavery Movement.” NEH Summer Institute on “Transcendentalism and Social Reform in the Age of Emerson, Thoreau, and Fuller,” and “Landmarks of American History and Culture: Concord Massachusetts, A Center of Transcendentalism and Social Reform in the Nineteenth Century.” Concord, MA. June and July 2008-2017.

“Women Reading, Women Writing: Mary Moody Emerson and Transatlantic Connections.” “Intercontinental Cross-Currents: Women’s (Net-)Works across Europe and the Americas (1776-1939).” With Noelle Baker. Martin Luther University, Halle-Wittenberg, Germany. December 2013.

“Transcending ‘Aunt Mary’: Digital Scholarship and The Almanacks of Mary Moody Emerson.” With Noelle Baker. American Literature Association annual conference. Boston, MA. May 2013.
“Like Mother, Like Daughter: Louisa May Alcott and Radical Abolitionism in Concord.” Atlanta Fulton County Library. Atlanta, GA. October 2011.
“Women’s Rights and Authorship in Early America.” Center for USA Studies. Martin Luther University. Halle-Wittenberg, Germany. November and December 2010.
“Radicalizing the Moral Idealists: Transcendentalists and Antislavery Reform.” Johannes Gutenberg-University. Mainz, Germany. November 2010.
“Savoring the Moment: What to Expect as a Fulbright Scholar.” Orientation Seminar for Fulbright Scholars in Germany. Goettingen, Germany. September 2010.
“Transcendental Radicals: The Antislavery Movement in Thoreau’s Concord.” Friedrich-Wilhelms-University. Bonn, Germany. June 2010.
“‘To Set This World Right’: Unsung Heroes and Everyday Reform in Antebellum America.”Center for USA Studies. Martin Luther University. Halle-Wittenberg, Germany. May 2010; and Tuebingen University. Tuebingen, Germany. June 2010.
“Radicalizing America’s Town: The Antislavery Movement in Concord, Massachusetts.” Jacob’s University. Bremen, Germany. April 2010; and Center for American Studies, Heidelberg University. Heidelberg, Germany. May 2010.
“Unsung Heroes and Everyday Reform: Women and Radical Abolitionism in Thoreau’s Concord.” Allegany College of Maryland, Cumberland, Maryland; and Frostburg State College, Frostburg, Maryland. February 2010.
“‘Dear Cicero, Waldo, and Friends!’: Conversations in Mary Moody Emerson’s Almanacks.” With Noelle Baker. MLA annual convention. Philadelphia, PA. December 2009.
“‘A martyr to the cause of true liberty’: John Brown and Concord.” Symposium on “John Brown Remembered: 150th Anniversary of the Raid on Harpers Ferry.” Harpers Ferry, WV. October 2009.
“‘The hour and the man both came at last’: John Brown and Concord.” Concord School of Philosophy. Concord, MA. July 2009.
“‘I defy tomorrow’: Mary Moody Emerson, Women’s Writing, and Revolutions in the Archive.” Brown Women Writers Project, 20th anniversary conference. Providence, RI. March 2009.
“‘Dollars by the Hundred’: Concord and the Unlikeliest Raider’s Path to Harpers Ferry.” Thoreau Society annual gathering. Concord, MA. July 2008.
“Radicals in Our Town: Concord and Antislavery.” Thoreau Society annual gathering. Concord, MA. July 2008.
“To Set This World Right: Antislavery Reform in Concord, America’s Town.” Kjell Meling Award for Distinction in the Arts and Humanities ceremony. Penn State Altoona. April 2008.
“Daughters of American Radicalism: The Alcotts and (John) Browns.” Concord School of Philosophy. Concord, MA. July 2007.
“New England Radicals: Antislavery Activism and Transcendentalist Reform.”  The House of the 7 Gables. Salem, MA. June 2007.
“To Set This World Right: Antislavery Activism in Concord.” Tsongas Gallery, Walden Pond State Reservation. Lincoln, MA. May 2007.
“Radicalizing America’s Town: Antislavery in Concord.” MLA annual convention. Philadelphia, PA. December 2006.
“Radicals in Our Town: Antislavery in Thoreau’s Concord.” Two talks to mark the opening of a special exhibit, “Antislavery in Concord,” at the Concord Free Public Library. Concord, MA. November 2006.
“The Role of Letters for Concord Women and the Alcotts.” Respondent on “Women’s Letters and the Culture of Reform,” Society for the Study of American Women Writers third biennial conference. Philadelphia, PA. November 2006.
“Established Practices, Fragmentary Texts, and Recovered Lives: One Decade as a Documentary Editor.” Association of Documentary Editing annual conference. Denver, CO. October 2005.
“‘Action from Principle’: ‘The Higher Law’ in the Antebellum Antislavery Crusade.” Thoreau Society annual gathering. Concord, MA. July 2005.
“1854: The Social and Political Contexts of Walden.” Thoreau Society annual gathering. Concord, MA. July 2004.
“Women and Reform in Emerson’s Town: The Concord Female Antislavery Society.” Concord Museum. Concord, MA. January 2003.
Journal 8: 1854 and The Almanack of Mary Moody Emerson.” Thoreau Society annual gathering. Concord, MA. July 2002.
“Unsung Heroes and Everyday Reform: The Concord Female Anti-Slavery Society,” and “‘Murder to the State’: The Evolution of Thoreau’s Abolitionism.” Concord School of Philosophy. Concord, MA. July 2002.
“An Evening with Henry D. Thoreau.” Friends of the Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area and Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area. Bushkill, PA. May 2001. 
“Mad Dogs, Mud Turtles, and Escaped Pigs: Thoreau as Storyteller in the Journal.” MLA annual convention. Washington, D.C. December 2000.
“The Concord Female Anti-Slavery Society: Those Women behind Those Men.” Thoreau Society annual gathering. Concord, MA. July 2000.
“The Thoreau Edition: An Update and a Gold Mine for New Research.” Thoreau Society annual gathering. Concord, MA. July 1999.
“Fugitive Slave-Running and the Moby-Dick: Melville’s Relationship with the Boston Abolitionists.” Melville Society Conference. Mystic, CT. June 1999.
“Bulkington, Landlessness, and Moby-Dick’s ‘The Lee Shore.’” American Literature Association, American Renaissance conference. Cancun, Mexico. December 1997.
“Editing Thoreau in the 21st Century.” Thoreau Society annual gathering. Concord, MA. July 1997.


§  The Concord Saunterer (Editorial Board, 2002-present)
§  Digital Thoreau ( (Scholarly Consultant, 2014-present) 
§ Emerson Society (Advisory Board, 2011-2013)
§  Intercontinental Cross-Currents Network (2013-present)
§  Louisa May Alcott Society (President, 2014-2016; Treasurer, 2005-2013)
§  Melville Society
§  Modern Language Association
§ Research for American Literary Study (Editorial Advisory Board, 2017-present)
§  Robbins House Center for Concord’s African American History (Advisory Board, 2011-present)
§  Society for Digital Americanists
§  Society for History of the Early American Republic
§  ­Society for the Study of American Women Writers
§  Thoreau Society (Board of Directors, 2001-2005; Executive Secretary, 2002-2006; Conference Planning Co-Chair, 2001-2010)
§ Thoreau Society Bulletin (Advisory Board, 2000-2016)


Senior Capstone: Stalking the American Dream
Senior Capstone: Captivity in Early American Literature                 
Senior Capstone: Early American Gothic
Senior Capstone: Coming of Age(s)                                               
Slavery and the Literary Imagination
The American Novel to 1900                                                        
The American Renaissance                                                            
Introduction to American Studies
Foundations of the American Dream
Early American Reform Movements
American Literature to 1865                                                         
The Short Story                                                                            
Alternative Voices in American Literature
What Is Literature?
Reading Fiction
Introduction to Women Writers
Great Books Seminar: Moby-Dick
Great Books Seminar: Uncle Tom’s Cabin
Great Books Seminar: Walden
Great Authors Seminar: The Poetry of Emily Dickinson
Special Topics: The World of J. R. R. Tolkien
Introduction to Women’s Studies
Advanced Business Writing
Effective Writing for Business
Effective Writing in the Humanities
Freshman Composition

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